Tuesday, December 1, 2009

Whole Grain Artisan Bread

I've been hearing about this new book, Healthy Bread in Five Minutes a Day: 100 New Recipes Featuring Whole Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, and Gluten-Free Ingredients by Jeff Hertzberg and Zoe Francois for a long time now, but I don't have it yet. I am addicted to their Artisan Bread, thanks to Becky, of course I was intrigued by the whole grain variation.

My friend Cath told me recently that several of the recipes were featured in Mother Earth News, and she said she would photocopy the article for me and mail it. In the meantime, my friend Stacey mentioned the recipes to me yesterday on facebook, and then it dawned on me to check the Mother Earth News website--and there was the recipe!


I'm excited to try it, I'm mixing up a batch right now! I will report back with pictures and commentary and results, but I thought someone else out there might be wanting this recipe Right Now also...so here it is.

A couple notes: I don't own a pizza peel or a baking stone, I bake the regular Artisan bread on a sheet pan, with cornmeal underneath, and it works just fine every time. I have also never messed with the water and the "steam baking" and I don't plan to do it this time. I guess wish me luck! This dough is a lot harder to mix by hand than the regular Artisan Bread dough, but I did it.

I think I didn't grab quite enough dough, because my loaf was a bit small...and the oval-shaping was a bit awkward, but I'm sure I'll get the hang of it. I baked my loaf for about 40 minutes (I always bake longer here at 5,300 ft. altitude). It's cooling now, on a rack. I'll be back soon to let you know how it tastes!


Be sure to visit Jeff & Zoe's website for more ideas, hints, tips and if you have any questions you'd like them to answer personally!

Below is the excerpt from Mother Earth News (written by Jeff & Zoe, of course), and here's my cute little loaf!


Whole Grain Artisan Bread


We’re showcasing a free-form loaf that’s rich in whole wheat, shaped as an elongated oval, and topped with a delicious and nutritious seed mixture. It bakes easily and makes terrific sandwiches. Our wet dough develops sourdough character over two weeks of storage in the refrigerator. By mixing dough in bulk without kneading and using it as it’s required, you’ll truly be able to make this bread in five minutes a day (excluding resting and oven time).


Follow the instructions below to make enough dough for at least four 1-pound loaves. The recipe can easily be doubled or halved.


5 1/2 cups whole wheat flour
2 cups unbleached all-purpose flour
1 1/2 tbsp (2 packets) granulated yeast
1 tbsp kosher salt (or to taste)
1/4 cup vital wheat gluten
4 cups lukewarm water (Note: You can add a teaspoon of dried herbs to the water for herb-flavored breads.)

Cornmeal or parchment paper

1 to 2 tbsp whole seed mixture for sprinkling on top of the crust: sesame, flaxseed, caraway, raw sunflower, poppy and/or anise (optional)



1. Mix dry ingredients. Use dry-ingredient measuring cups (avoid 2 cup measures, which compress the flour) to gently scoop up flour, then sweep the top level with a knife or spatula. Whisk together the flours, yeast, salt and vital wheat gluten in a 5-quart bowl, or, preferably, in a resealable, lidded (not airtight) plastic food container or food-grade bucket. Lidded (or even vented) plastic buckets designed for dough storage are readily available.

2. Mix with water — kneading is unnecessary. Heat the water to slightly warmer than body temperature (about 100 degrees Fahrenheit). Add to the dry ingredients and mix without kneading, using a spoon, food processor (with dough attachment), or heavy-duty stand mixer (with paddle). You may need to get your hands wet to get the flour to incorporate if you’re not using a machine. Don’t knead! It isn’t necessary.

You’re finished when everything is uniformly moist, without dry patches. This step is done in a matter of minutes, and yields a wet dough that remains loose enough to conform to the shape of its container.


3. Allow to rise. Cover with a lid (not airtight) or cover loosely with plastic wrap. Allow the mixture to rise at room temperature until it begins to collapse (or at least flatten on top), which will take about 2 hours. Longer rising times — even overnight — will not change the result. Fully refrigerated wet dough is less sticky and is easier to work with than dough at room temperature. So, the first time you try our method, it’s best to refrigerate the dough overnight (or at least 3 hours) before shaping a loaf.

After it’s been refrigerated, the dough will seem to have shrunk back upon itself. It will never rise again in the bucket, which is normal for our dough. Whatever you do, do not punch down this dough! With our method, you’re trying to retain as much gas in the dough as possible, and punching it down knocks gas out and will make your loaves denser.

On Baking Day:

4. Quickly shape a loaf. First, prepare a pizza peel by sprinkling it liberally with cornmeal (or lining it with parchment paper or a silicone mat) to prevent your loaf from sticking to it when you slide it into the oven. Dust the surface of your refrigerated dough with flour. Pull up and cut off a 1-pound (grapefruit-size) piece of dough, using a serrated knife or kitchen shears. Hold the mass of dough in your hands and add a little more flour as needed so it won’t stick to your hands. Gently stretch the surface of the dough around to the bottom on all four sides, rotating a quarter-turn as you go to form a ball. Most of the dusting flour will fall off; it’s not intended to be incorporated into the dough. The bottom of the ball may appear to be a collection of bunched ends, but it will flatten out during resting and baking. The correctly shaped final product will be smooth and cohesive.

The entire process should take no more than 20 to 40 seconds. If you work the dough longer than this, it may make your loaf too dense.

5. Form a narrow, oval-shaped loaf and let it rest. Stretch the ball gently to elongate it, and taper the ends by rolling them between your palms and pinching them.

6. Allow the loaf to rest — covered loosely with plastic wrap — on the pizza peel for 90 minutes (40 minutes if you’re using fresh, unrefrigerated dough).

Alternatively, you can allow the loaf to rest on a silicone mat or greased cookie sheet. Depending on the age of the dough, you may not see much rise during this period. More rising will occur during baking.

7. Thirty minutes before baking, preheat the oven to 450 degrees, with a baking stone placed on the middle rack. Place an empty broiler tray for holding water on any other rack that won’t interfere with the rising bread.

8. Paint and slash. Just before baking, use a pastry brush to paint the top of the loaf with a little water. Sprinkle with the seed and nut mixture. Slash the loaf with quarter-inch-deep parallel cuts across the top, using a serrated bread knife.

9. Baking with steam. After a 30-minute preheat, you’re ready to bake. With a quick forward jerking motion of the wrist, slide the loaf off the pizza peel and onto the preheated baking stone. If you used parchment paper instead of cornmeal, it will slide onto the stone with the loaf. If you used a silicone mat or cookie sheet, just place it on the stone. Quickly but carefully pour about a cup of hot water into the broiler tray and close the door to trap the steam. Bake for about 30 minutes, or until the crust is richly browned and firm to the touch (smaller or larger loaves will require adjustments in resting and baking time).

If you used parchment paper, a silicone mat, or a cookie sheet under the loaf, carefully remove it and bake the loaf directly on the stone or an oven rack when the loaf is about two-thirds of the way through baking.

When you remove the loaf from the oven, it may audibly crackle, or “sing,” when initially exposed to room-temperature air. Allow the bread to cool completely, preferably on a wire cooling rack. The perfect crust may initially soften, but will firm up again when cooled.

10. Store the remaining dough in your container in the refrigerator and use it over the next couple of weeks. You’ll find that even one day’s storage improves the flavor and texture of your bread. The dough ferments and takes on sourdough characteristics. When your bucket is empty, don’t wash it! Mix another batch in the same container. The aged dough stuck to the sides will give you a head start on sourdough flavor. To take it even further, incorporate up to 2 cups of your old dough.

3 comments:

Moogie said...

Wow... the bread looks absolutely perfect.

A Year on the Grill said...

Greetings... Just got here from your guest post on Our Krazy Kitchen... First time here, and am loving your site. I can tell you don't just reprint recipes, but actually show what you cook (a pet peeve of mine about some bloggers)... But I digress...

Personally, i have very limited experience in baking, but I have had slightly less than great experiences with whole grain flour. I think i need to pick up this book for more tips...

Your bread looks wonderful... and i will be back!

Serena said...

Hi!

I have been following your blog for a few months and I just love it. As a soup blogger, I am excited to try this recipe to accompany my soups. I also featured this recipe in my weekly review section. Check it out: http://seriouslysoupy.blogspot.com/2009/12/linkin-it-upa-weekly-rundown-of-soup-in.html and continue to make cooking easier for us.

Thanks,
Serena

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